Mushroom Types

Back in the ancient times, mushrooms are believed to give warriors the strength they required for battle. For hundreds of years, mushrooms are symbols of longevity in Asian cuisine as these foods are known for their health-promoting properties.

Australian consumers also fell in love with mushrooms because of their savory taste. These days, mushrooms are one of the most common foods found in the majority of Australian’s kitchens. As a matter of fact, 86% of Australian households buy mushrooms and 55% of them buy at lease once time a week.

mushrooms types


There are dozens of mushroom variety available in the market, however their nutritional benefits differ. Here are eight mushroom types which have notable health benefits.

  • Shiitake Mushrooms. This type of mushroom is commonly found in Chinese cuisines and is commonly used as an ingredient in soups. Shiitake mushrooms are good immune system booster and they can effectively reduce cholesterol. They also contain iron, a mineral which plays a huge role in maintaining good health.
  • Oyster Mushrooms. Oyster mushrooms had been used for thousands of years as a medicinal ingredient. They contain ergothioneine, a powerful antioxidant that can prevent damage to the body caused by oxidative stress. Oyster mushrooms also contain folic acid, vitamin C, phosphorus, calcium, iron, zinc and B-vitamins.
  • Enoki Mushrooms. Commonly used in salad and soup dishes, the same as Oyster mushrooms, the Enoki mushroom also contains ergothieneine. Enoki mushrooms also contain iron, potassium, phosphorus and fibers. Enoki mushrooms contain a powerful polysaccharide called flammulin. Japanese and Chinese researchers have reported anti-cancer and anti-tumor activity from extracts containing this water-soluble polysaccharide.
  • White Button Mushrooms. These mushrooms are high in antioxidants and they contain cancer fighting agents that can also decrease the growth of tumors for those who already have the condition. White button mushrooms are also high in potassium which we need to prevent high blood pressure, stroke, heart attacks and low blood sugar.
  • Shimeji Mushrooms. This tiny-capped, long stemmed mushroom contain beta-glucans, a type of compound that can fight against HIV/AIDS, cancer, diabetes, high cholesterol, chronic fatigue syndrome and other serious illnesses such as  hepatitis, Lyme diseases, ulcerative colitis and multiple sclerosis.
  • Portobello Mushrooms. Portobello mushrooms are one of the most loved type of mushroom and is known to consumers for its meaty taste. They are a good source of fiber, protein, phosphorus, potassium, riboflavin, folate and thiamine.
  • Cremini Mushrooms. Known to some consumers as mini-portabellas, cremini mushrooms are rich in vitamins and minerals. They are also low  in fat, calories and carbohydrates and are cholesterol free. Cremini Mushrooms are great sources of selenium, zinc, potassium, copper and phosphorus. They are also rich in B-Vitamins, niacin and pantothenic acid.
  • Black Fungi. “Hed hunu” in Thailand, “Kumping jamu” in Indonesia, “Kikurage” in Japan, “Erobelebele Nti” and as Black Fungi in English-speaking country, this is the type of mushroom that has many extreme health benefits. It contains of polysaccharide that can slow down the growth of tumor and prevents cancer and can also neutralize the side effects from chemotherapy and radiation. Other nutrients found in black fungi mushrooms are protein, iron and vitamins.